Union Public Service Commission Exam (UPSC)


- Facts every aspirant should know

The Union Public Service Commission Exam (UPSC) - Facts every aspirant should know

UPSC Full Form is Union Public Service Commission. On 7th August 2020, Pradeep Kumar Joshi has been appointed because of the chairman of UPSC. He was earlier a member of the UPSC. He will remain within the UPSC office because the chairman till 12th May 2021. Aspirants preparing for the IAS Exam should thoroughly realize the commission because the latter is responsible to conduct the All-India Civil Services Examination. Questions on the composition of UPSC, Chairman of UPSC, Functions of UPSC is asked within the prelim. Read on to understand the answers to all or any or any of these.

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) isn't an exam but it is a constitutional body which is permitted to conduct various exams within the country one in every of which is the Civil Services Exam, while Indian Administrative Services (IAS) which is commonly called the IAS Exam is additionally not an exam and is one among the civil services post among the others like IPS, IFS and etc. to which candidates can get into through the Civil Services Exam.

The UPSC is also a constitutional body. it is a central agency which is allowed to conduct various examinations in India and also the list of exams is given below.
  1. Civil Services Examination
  2. Indian Forest Service Examination
  3. Engineering Services Examination
  4. Combined Defence Services Examination
  5. National Defence Academy Examination / Naval Academy Examination
  6. Combined Medical Services Examination
  7. Indian Economic Service/Indian Statistical Service Examination
  8. Combined Geoscientist and Geologist Examination
  9. Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandant) Examination
The commission’s approval is granted by the Constitution of India as mentioned within the articles 315 to 323 of Part XIV of the constitution titled as Services under the Union and thus the States for public service commission for the union and for every state.

Composition of Union Public Service Commission

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) consists of a md and ten members. The terms and conditions of service of the chairman and members of the Commission are governed by the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969.
The composition of the Union Public Service Commission as per 2020 is given below:

Name and Details


Shri Pradeep Kumar Joshi

Present UPSC Chairman

Dr. Pradeep Kumar Joshi


Shri Bhim Sain Bassi


Air Marshal A. S. Bhonsle (retd.)


Ms. Sujata Mehta


Dr. Manoj Soni


Ms. Smita Nagaraj


Ms. M. Sathiyavathy



Eligibility and Tenure of Chairman & MembersNote: Arvind Saxena was the UPSC Chairman before Pradeep Kumar Joshi. His tenure ended on 7th August 2020. 

The President of India appoints the Chairman and other members of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Generally, the members of the commission are the civil servants with a minimum of 10 years of experience either in Central or State service.
The Commission is examined by a Secretariat led by a Secretary with two Additional Secretaries, style of Joint Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries and other assistant staff.
Each member holds office for a term of 6 years or until he attains the age of 65 years.


Criteria for Removal of Members (Union Public Service Commission)

The members can submit their resignation to the President of India at any time. Any member of the commission would be away from the office by the President of India on the underside of misbehaviour (if and only if an inquiry of such misbehaviour is formed and defended by the Supreme Court of India) or if any member is charged with bankrupt or engaged in any paid employment outside the duties of his office or if the President opines the member is unfit to continue in office by reason of illness of mind or body.
The member is removed from the office by the President of India on the grounds further as procedure is given in Article 317 within the Constitution of India.
The Union Public Services Commission is among one amongst the few institutions which execute both autonomy and freedom along with the country’s higher judiciary and commission.


Recruitment rules for Union Public Service Commission

According to the provision mentioned in Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the provisions of Union Public Service Commission (Exemption from Consultation) Regulations 1958, Recruitment Rules of all Group ‘A’ and Group ‘B’ posts in various Ministries/Departments of presidency of India are necessary to be framed in consultation with the Commission. The Consultation with the Commission is additionally mandatory for structuring or revising Recruitment Rules certainly categories of posts under the Delhi Municipal Corporation, The New Delhi Municipal Coil, the staff State Insurance Corporation, and also the workers Provide. annually on all-India basis various examinations are conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and this includes Civil Services, Engineering, Medical and Forest Service, etc.


Functions of Union Public Service Commission

The major functions of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) under Article Section 320 of the Constitution of India are:
  • To conduct various examinations for the appointment to the services of the Union
  • Direct Recruitment selectively through interviews
  • Appointing Department officers on promotion, deputation and thru absorption
  • Constituting and amending the Recruitment Rules for various services and posts under the govt.  ..
  • Disciplinary cases pertaining to different Civil Services
  • About any matter related to the UPSC, they'll directly recommend the government by the President of Indian


UPSC Exam: What is the UPSC Civil Services Examination?

Civil Services Examination (CSE) is one of the most popular exams conducted by the Union Public Service Commission. It is widely known as ‘IAS exam’ even though CSE is a common exam to recruit candidates to about 24 top government services like IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS etc.

UPSC Civil Services Exam (CSE) consists of 3 stages. The stages are:

  1. Preliminary Exam (objective)
  2. Main Exam (written)
  3. Interview (personality test)


What is the UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services Exam?

There are 3 stages in the UPSC Civil Services Exam – (1) Preliminary Exam (Objective Test) (2) Main Exam (Written Test) (3) Personality Test (Interview).

Prelims – The Civil Services Preliminary exam comprises of two compulsory papers of 200 marks each (General Studies Paper-I and General Studies Paper-II). The questions will be of multiple-choice, objective type. The marks in prelims will not be counted for final ranking, but just for qualification for the main exam.

Mains – The written examination (main) will consist of the nine papers, but only 7 papers will be counted for final merit ranking. For the rest two papers, the candidate should secure minimum marks prescribed by the commission each year.

Interview – The candidate will be interviewed by a Board who will have before them a record of his/her career. He/she will be asked questions on matters of general interest.

The marks of the Preliminary Exam is not counted for the final ranking. Prelims is a screening test to select the candidates for the Main Exam. A candidate’s final rank in the Civil Service Exam depends only on the mark scored in the Main exam and Interview. The main exam has 1750 marks while interview has 275 marks. Total marks are calculated out of 2025.


UPSC Exam Dates

Usually, UPSC conducts the Civil Services Preliminary Exam in June. The Main Exam is usually conducted in September. The Personality Test takes almost 3 months to finish. UPSC conducts the CSE interview (or personality test) in the months February – April.


UPSC 2021

The notification for UPSC Civil Services Examination for 2021 will be published on February 10, 2021. You can apply for the Civil Services Exam 2021 from February 10, 2021, until March 02, 2021.

  • UPSC CSE 2021 Prelims Date: June 27, 2021
  • UPSC CSE 2021 Mains Date: September 17, 2021
  • UPSC CSE 2021 Interview Date:  January-March 2022 (expected)
  • UPSC CSE 2021 Final Result Date: April 2022 (expected


UPSC Notification 2021

The UPSC has released the Civil Services Examination (CSE) notification on February 12, 2021. Interested candidates can access the UPSC notification 2021 on its official website. The notification plays a significant role in the competitive examinations. It will display all the important details such as eligibility, selection procedure, exam pattern, marking scheme and syllabus. The UPSC recruitment notification 2021 was released for a total of 769 vacancies that include vacancies for PwBD category. 


UPSC IAS Exam 2021 Highlights


Exam Name

UPSC Civil Services Exam (IAS) 2021

Conducting Body

Union Public Service Commission(UPSC)

Exam Level


UPSC Vacancies

To be notified

Exam Frequency

Once a year

Exam Mode

Offline - Pen and Paper Mode

Exam Stages

Prelims - Mains(Written) - Mains(Interview)

Application Fee(Prelims)



Prelims - English and Hindi

No. of Test Cities

Test centres across the nation

Exam Helpdesk No.

011-23098543 / 23385271 / 23381125 / 23098591

Official Website



All India Services


  • Indian Administrative Services(IAS)

  • Indian Police Servies(IPS) 

  • Indian Forest Services(IFoS) [Prelims Only]


List  Of  Services In UPSC

The Civil Se rvices Examination (CSE) stands as one amongst the toughest examinations in the country. The year-long examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Every year, over 10 lakh aspirants compete for the All India Services, such as IAS, IPS and IFS. Along with Central Services, Group A and B Services are also equally popular across India. Depending upon the candidates' preference and rank, the Commission will allot the service. The UPSC conducts the CSE for a total of 24 services apart from Indian Forest Service (IFS). Check the UPSC services list here.

All India Services  

1.Indian Administrative Service 

  2. Indian Police Service 

  3. Indian Foreign Service  Group ‘A’ Services 

   4. Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service 

  5. Indian Audit and Accounts Service 

  6. Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise) 

   7. Indian Defence Accounts Service

 8. Indian Revenue Service (I.T.)   

 9. Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager, Administration) 

  10. Indian Postal Service   

11. Indian Civil Accounts Service   

 12. Indian Railway Traffic Service   

 13. Indian Railway Accounts Service   

 14. Indian Railway Personnel Service 

   15. Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force   

16. Indian Defence Estates Service   

17. Indian Information Service (Junior Grade)   

18. Indian Trade Service   

19. Indian Corporate Law Service 

Central Civil Services


Indian Foreign Services(IFS)

Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’

Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’

Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group ‘A’

Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’

Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group ‘A’

Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)

Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’

Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’

Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’

Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group 'A'

Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’

Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’

Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’

Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’

Indian Trade Service, Group 'A'

Indian Corporate Law Service, Group ‘A’

Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade).

Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'

Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B’

Pondicherry Civil Service, Group 'B'

Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group 'B'



Q. What is the date of UPSC IAS 2021 prelims?

A. UPSC Prelims 2021 will be conducted on June 27. The UPSC 2021 notification for civil services was released on March 4 after a delay of 22 days because of the Supreme court case on the extra attempt.

Q. What is the educational qualification required to become an IAS?

A. The educational qualification required to become an IAS Officer is a graduate degree in any discipline from any university established by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India. The candidates also visit IAS eligibility for details.

Q. Is coaching necessary for cracking the IAS Exam?

A. Every candidate has different needs and abilities. Joining a coaching institute is a very subjective decision. It can help some of the candidates in understanding the structure and pattern of IAS Exam but some of them find it useless. It differs from candidate to candidate.

Q. Can I prepare for IAS Exam without coaching?

A. Yes, any candidate can prepare for IAS exam without coaching. Nowadays so much information is available online which can help the candidates to prepare for IAS Exam by themselves. The candidate should select the best authentic source of information can prepare for the IAS Exam by themselves.

Q. How to start IAS preparation at home?

A. The candidates should start preparing the basics with the NCERT Books and Daily Newspaper. Complete the NCERT of History, Geography, Economics and Sociology first and then start reading the dedicated books for each subject supplemented with the Newspaper.

Q. What is the difference between IAS and PCS?

A. IAS means Indian Administrative Services and PCS means the Provincial Civil Services. IAS is one of the three All India Services. The recruitment for IAS is done by the Union Public Service Commission. PCS is the state-centric civil services recruited through the State Public Service Commissions.

Q. How many papers are there in the IAS Main Exam?

A. There are 9 question papers in the IAS Main Exam. Out of these 9 question papers, the candidates need to qualify in the General English and General Hindi papers and their numbers are not counted for the final merit.

Q. Can an average student crack IAS?

A. The IAS exam is an open platform with no limitation for the average students. There is no minimum percentage of marks required in the graduation course to appear in the IAS Exam. Each year, a good number of Average students crack the IAS Exam.

Q. Who is the Cadre Controlling Authority of IAS?

A. Ministry of Personnel, which works under the supervision of the Prime Minister of India, is the Cadre controlling authority for the IAS.

Q. When did UPSC issue the IAS Exam Notification?

A. The IAS 2021 Notification was issued on March 4. The IAS 2021 Prelims will be conducted on June 27. IAS 2021 notification was delayed this year.

Q. Can State PCS Officers be promoted to IAS?

A. Yes, the State PCS Officers can be promoted to the IAS subject to certain conditions laid down by UPSC. Each year, out of the total vacancies of IAS, 33% is filled through the promotion.