Government Schemes in India


List of Important Government Schemes

The Government Schemes in India List of Important Government Schemes

The Union Government of India launches different schemes from time to time with specific objectives. These schemes aim at benefiting the poor, economically backward, rural people, or vulnerable sections of the society. They address the social and economic welfare of the citizens of India. Generally, the meaning of a scheme is a plan, design, or program of action involving many people which is formulated by the government. A union government scheme means a scheme formulated by the Government of India. The different Ministries of the Government of India have launched various government programmes known as schemes or Yojana.


Objectives of the Union Government Schemes in India

There are several different schemes launched by the different Ministries of the Union Government. Each scheme has its own set of objectives. But the main objective of these schemes is to provide social, financial and economic welfare to the citizens of India. The general objectives of the social-economic and financial schemes are –

  • Provide social security measures such as pensions, insurance, maternity benefits, housing etc.
  • To improve the quality of the life of the people.
  • Upliftment of the poor.
  • Development of rural and backward areas.
  • Reducing the economic inequality between different sections of society.
  • Empower women for their better participation in society.
  • To provide employment opportunities.
  • To provide education and training to the weaker sections of the society.
  • To provide financial security to the vulnerable sections of society.
  • To provide financial assistance to women, small businesses and weaker sections of society.


Government Ministry

Name of Scheme

Ministry of Health & Family Welfare

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi

Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojna

National Digital Health Mission

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojna

Intensified Mission Indradhanush 3.0

Ministry of Education

STARS Project

Institutions of Eminence Scheme

Mid-May Meal

Swach Vidyalaya Abhiyan

Kala Utsav

Shikshav Parv Initiative

Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration  (SPARC)

Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA)

Ministry of Women and Child Development

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojna

Poshan Abhiyan

Rashtriya Poshan Maah

Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna

Ministry of Rural Development

Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) Scheme

National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)

Rashtriya Aajivika Mission

Gram Panchayat Development Plans

Startup Village Entrepreneurship Programme

DDU Grameen Kaushalya Yojna

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna

Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs

Global Housing Technology Challenge

Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge


Climate-Smart City Assessment Framework

Swachh Sarvekshan 2021

Ministry of Jal Shakti

Rashtriya Swachhta Kendra

Grand ICT Challenge

Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

Ambekar Social Innovation & Incubation Mission

Ministry of Finance

Saral Jeevan Bima

Ministry of Commerce & Industry

One District One Product Scheme

PRARAMBH: Startup India International Summit

Merchandise Export From India Scheme

Ministry of Textiles



National Technical Textile Mission

Ministry of Ports, Shipping & Waterways

Sagarmala Sea Plane Services

National Authority For Recycling of Ships

Ministry of Labor & Employment

Atal Beemit Vyakti Kalyan Yojna

Nation Career Service Project

Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution

Bureau of Indian Standards

Consumer Protection (Ecommerce) Rules, 2020

Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation

MPLADS (Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme)

NITI Aayog

Vision 2035

NPMPF ('National Program and Project Management Policy Framework')

Aatmanirbhar Bharat ARISE-Atal New India Challenge 


All Government Schemes in India 2021

Here are all the government schemes in India that have come been implemented are as follows:

  • Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan
  • Mission Karmayogi
  • Pradhan Mantri SVANidhi Scheme
  • Samarth Scheme
  • Savya Shiksha Abhiyaan
  • Rashtriya Gokul Mission
  • Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme
  • Kapila Kalam Program
  • Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana
  • National Digital Health Mission
  • Solar Charkha Mission
  • SVAMITVA Scheme
  • Samarth Scheme
  • Sahakar Pragya Initiative
  • Integrated Processing Development Scheme
  • Housing for All Scheme
  • Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme
  • Fame India Scheme
  • KUSUM Scheme
  • Nai Roshni Scheme
  • Swadesh Darshan Scheme
  • National Water Mission
  • National Nutrition Mission
  • Operation Greens Scheme
  • Deep Ocean Mission
  • PM-KISAN (Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi) Scheme
  • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana
  • New Jal Shakti Ministry
  • Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
  • Sukanya Samriddhi Scheme – Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
  • HRIDAY Scheme
  • PM Mudra Yojna
  • Ujala Yojna
  • Atal Pension Yojana
  • Prime Minister Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana
  • AMRUT Plan
  • UDAY
  • Setu Bhartam Yojana
  • Stand Up India
  • National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)
  • Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABY)
  • Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)
  • Shramev Jayate Yojana
  • The Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)
  • National Beekeeping & Honey Mission (NBHM)
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)
  • Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) Scheme
  • UDID Project
  • eSanjeevani Programme (Online OPD)
  • Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana


Swachh Bharat Mission

Swachh Bharat Mission was launched as a movement in the country. The campaign had to achieve a ‘Clean India’. The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is considered to be one of the most important campaigns that were launched in terms of sanitation by the Government.

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao

This scheme provides help to girls to educate them and make them socially and financially independent. The idea is to create incentives for Indian parents to send their daughters to school and ensure a bright future for young girls in our country.

Atal Pension Yojana

Atal Pension Yojana is a scheme for a pension that provides the citizens with a pension scheme. People who come under the unorganized sector, like maids, gardeners, delivery boys, etc. will be benefited from this scheme.

Digital India Mission

The Digital India scheme launched by the Government of India aims to make India into a digitally empowered society, among the other developed countries. This Indian government scheme hopes to revolutionise the country by providing better connectivity and easy access to online infrastructure to help Indians across the country.

Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-dhan

This is a pension scheme through which the person would get an assured pension. The citizen of the country would receive a minimum assured pension of Rs 3000/- per month after the age of 60 years.

Gold Monetisation Scheme

One of the most popular government schemes in India is GMS. Gold Monetisation Scheme aims to give interest by depositing gold in a GMS account. It was launched back in 2015 by the Indian government. All Indians are eligible for this scheme.


PM CARES Fund Is a public charitable trust with the objective to meet the horrific situation like COVID-19 in times ahead. PM CARES stands for Prime Minister’s Citizen Assistance and Relief and through this scheme, Indians and foreign nationals can donate money, spread awareness or volunteer to combat the effects of the pandemic.

Ayushman Bharat

It is one of the largest government-funded healthcare programmes that aim at improving access to quality healthcare services to the citizens. This government scheme was launched back in 2018 and over half the population in India is eligible for the programme.


UMANG stands for Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance is a mobile application launched by the Prime Minister that gives access to the citizens to multiple government services through just one platform.


It stands for Pilgrimage Rejuvenation And Spirituality Augmentation Drive. This scheme was launched for the development of pilgrimage destinations in a prioritised, planned, and sustainable manner.

National Digital Health Mission

The National Digital Health Mission came to effect on August 15, 2020, which would help to create a healthcare system that connects the practitioners with the patients digitally and gives them access to health records.

List of popular government schemes of India

The Ministries of the Government of India have come up with various government programs called schemes or plans (Yojana) from time to time. These schemes could be formed either by the central government, state government-specific, or joint collaboration between the center and the states.


Here is the list of the top government schemes of India

·         AMRUT Plan

·         Atal Bhujal Yojana

·         Atal Pension Yojana

·         Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan Scheme

·         Ayushman Bharat

·         Ayushman Sahakar Scheme

·         Beti Bachao Beti Padhao

·         Digital India Mission

·         Garib Kalyan Rojgar Yojana

·         Kisan Vikas Patra

·         Mid-day Meal Scheme

·         National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana

·         National Saving Certificate

·         National Social Assistance Program

·         Padhna Likhna Abhiyan Scheme

·         PM SVAnidhi Scheme

·         Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana

·         Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

·         Pradhan Mantri Matritva Vandana Yojana

·         Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana

·         Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana

·         Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-Dhan Yojana

·         Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana

·         Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana

·         Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana

·         Pradhan Mantri Jeewan Jyoti Bima Yojana

·         Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Scheme

·         Samartha Scheme

·         Self-employment and talent utilization scheme

·         Senior Citizen Savings scheme

·         Shramev Jayate Yojana

·         SIDBI Make in India Soft loan scheme

·         Skill India Mission

·         Solar Chakra Mission

·         Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme

·         Stand-up India Loan scheme

·         Sukanya Samariddhi Yojana

·         Sustainable Finance Scheme

·         Venture Capital Assistance Scheme

·         Vivad se Vishwas Scheme


Exams Conducted By Government Schemes in India